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Latest news:

Yesterday's magnitude 3.8 quake at Bardarbunga volcano
Wednesday, Aug 31, 2016
A magnitude 3.8 earthquake followed by dozens of small aftershocks occurred yesterday at 3 km depth under the volcano's northeastern caldera rim (located under the ice cap). ... [more]
Location and depth of yesterday's earthquakes under Bardarbunga volcano
Thursday, Aug 04, 2016
Moderate seismic unrest continues at the volcano. A swarm of earthquakes occurred yesterday afternoon under the northern caldera rim of the volcano. ... [more]
 

Bardarbunga volcano

Stratovolcano approx. 2000 m / ca. 6,560 ft
Central Iceland, 64.63°N / -17.53°W
Current status: restless (2 out of 5)
Bardarbunga webcams / live data
Bardarbunga volcano books
Last update: 31 Aug 2016
Typical eruption style: Large effusive eruptions, some explosive activity.
Bardarbunga volcano eruptions: 1080(?), 1159(?), ca. 1210, ca. 1270, ca. 1350, ca. 1410(?), 1477 (very large effusive-explosive eruption), 1697, 1702, 1706, 1712, 1716, 1717, 1720, 1726, 1729, 1739, 1750, 1766, 1769, 1797, 1807(?), 1862-64, 1872(?), 1902-03, 1910, 2014-15 (Holuhraun fissure eruption)Lava fountains from the Holuhraun fissure eruption August 2014
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sun, 22 Oct
Sun, 22 Oct 11:47 UTCM 0.9 / 5.9 km19 km20.3 km SW of Grímsfjall
Sun, 22 Oct 11:10 UTCM 0.4 / 4.2 km16 km13.7 km E of Kistufell
Sun, 22 Oct 10:27 UTCM 0.9 / 3.8 km7 km5.7 km NNE of Bárðarbunga
Sun, 22 Oct 09:27 UTCM 0.2 / 8 km21 km16.2 km ENE of Kistufell
Sun, 22 Oct 03:44 UTCM 0.9 / 0.4 km4 km7.5 km NW of Grímsfjall
View all recent quakes
Bardarbunga (Bárðarbunga) is a large central volcano lying underneath Iceland's 500-m thick Vatnajokull glacier in the center of the country. It is located at the junction between the eastern and northern volcanic rift zones in the area where the present-day center of the mantle hot spot beneath Iceland is thought to be.
Bardarbunga has had about 300-400 eruptions during the past 10,000 years which includes only 23 eruptions historic times (approx the past 1000 years), i.e. it seems to erupt currently at rates of approx. twice per century, the last one having occurred in 1910. A massive explosive-effusive eruption (VEI 6) in 1477 resulted in a large ash and pumice fall-out deposit.
Approx 8600 years ago, Bardarbunga produced the largest known lava flow during the past 10,000 years on earth (more than 21 cubic kilometers of volume). The lava was erupted from the Veidivötn fissure system and traveled more than 100 km to the south coast.

Background:

The volcano is hidden beneath the northwestern part of the Vatnajökull glacier, and contains a 700-m-deep caldera that is hidden beneath ice and has extensive flank fissures, from where eruptions have taken place: the Veidivötn fissure extends for over 100 km to the SW, almost reaching Torfajökull volcano, while the Trollagigar fissure extends 50 km to the NE touching Askja volcano.

A major risk from Bárdarbunga are jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods), that can be hazardous for areas in all directions around Bárdarbunga.

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