Get our newsletter!
Check out the volcano tours offered by Volcano-Adventures!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Guaranteed tours:
13-21 May: From Stromboli to Etna - Eolian Islands + Etna volcano (Italy)
20-27(28) May: Fascination Volcano - Santorini Island (Greece)
29 May - 3 Jun: Aegean's Hidden Gem: Isle of Milos - Milos Island (Greece)
3-18 Jun: From Krakatau to Bali - Java (Indonesia)
4-11 Jun: Nyiragongo Lava Lake & Mountain Gorillas - DR Congo + Rwanda
10-18 Jun: From Stromboli to Etna - Eolian Islands + Etna volcano (Italy)
8-23 Jul: From Krakatau to Bali - Java (Indonesia)
10-14 Jul: Adventure Volcano - Yasur Volcano Travel - Tanna Island (Vanuatu)
10-24 Jul: Volcanoes in the South Sea - Vanuatu (South Sea)
14-23 Jul: The Volcanoes of Ambrym - the Grand Traverse - Vanuatu (South Sea)
: spaces available / : guaranteed / : few spaces left / : booked out
Random pictures
News & updates
Aerial view of the central cone of Nishinoshima island and the vent of the new eruption (image: Japanese Coast Guard)
Monday, Apr 24, 2017
After a pause of little more than 2 years, a new eruption has started on the remote island volcano. ... [more]
Satellite image of Sakurajima volcano on  4 Apr 2017
Tuesday, Apr 04, 2017
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Tokyo (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Satellite image of Suwanose-jima volcano on 31 Mar 2017
Friday, Mar 31, 2017
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Tokyo (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Tuesday, Mar 28, 2017
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Tokyo (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Eruption at Sakurajima in the evening of 25 Mar 2017 (image: @Rglove1211 / twitter)
Saturday, Mar 25, 2017
After several months of quiet, a vulcanian-type explosion occurred this afternoon (25 Mar) shortly after 18h local time(18:03). ... [more]
Map of volcanoes in Japan (USGS)
Map of volcanoes in Japan (USGS)

Volcanoes of Japan (118 volcanoes)

Japan has over 100 active volcanoes, more than almost any other country and accounts alone for about 10 % of all active volcanoes in the world. The volcanoes belong to the Pacific Ring of Fire, caused by subduction zones of the Pacific plate beneath continental and other oceanic plates along its margins.
Japan's volcanic arcs and tectonic setting
Japan is located at the junction of 4 tectonic plates - the Pacific, Philippine, Eurasian and North American plates, and its volcanoes are mainly located on 5 subduction-zone related volcanic arcs where the Pacific Plate descends under the North American Plate along the Kuril Trench and the Japan Trench and underneath the Philippine Sea Plate along the Izu-Bonin Trench. The Philippine Plate itself subducts beneath the Eurasian Plate at the western end, forming the Ryukyu Trench. The principal resulting volcanic ars are:
- Ryukyu Arc and Southwest Honshu Arcs in the south (Philippine plate subducting beneath between the Eurasian Plate),
- Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc (subduction of Pacific plate beneath Philippine plate)
- Northeast Honshu and Kurile Arc in the north (subduction of Pacific plate beneath the N-American plate)
(more info: www.glgarcs.net/intro/subduction.html)

Besides intense volcanic activity, Japan is one of the places in the world most affected by frequent, and sometimes devastatingly large earthquakes. Its oceanic setting makes it vulnerable for tsunamis as well, as the tragedy of the 11 March 2011 8.9 earthquake and tsunami terrifyingly illustrated.

Record in historically documented eruptions
Japan's first documented historical eruption was from Aso volcano in 553 AD , the year after Buddhism was introduced from Korea. It holds a record in the number of historically documented eruptions.
Japan's largest historical eruption (Towada, 915 AD), 17 Japanese volcanoes had been documented in eruption, more than the rest of the world combined (including 10 in Europe).

Useful Links:

More on VolcanoDiscovery:

Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Text and images on this webpage are copyrighted. Further reproduction and use without authorization is not consented. If you need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.
Home | Travel | Destinations | Volcanoes | Photos | Earthquakes | About | Glossary | News | Contact | Imprint || Français | Deutsch
Follow us: