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Loihi volcano

Submarine volcano -975 m / - 3,199 ft
United States, Hawaiian Islands, 18.92°N / -155.27°W
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
Loihi webcams / live data
Loihi volcano books
Last update: 26 Jun 2017 (earthquake swarm)
Typical eruption style: unspecified
Loihi volcano eruptions: 1996 
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Thu, 14 Dec
Thu, 14 Dec 02:12 UTCM 2.6 / 25.2 km14 km- 34km SE of Pahala, Hawaii
Wed, 13 Dec
Wed, 13 Dec 22:36 UTCM 1.7 / 34.4 km33 km- 3km SE of Pahala, Hawaii
Wed, 13 Dec 22:29 UTCM 1.5 / 31.6 km20 km- 19km S of Volcano, Hawaii
Wed, 13 Dec 16:42 UTCM 2.3 / 0.1 km32 km- 6km WSW of Pahala, Hawaii
Wed, 13 Dec 09:39 UTCM 1.9 / 34.1 km22 km- 11km ENE of Pahala, Hawaii
View all recent quakes

Background:

Loihi seamount, the youngest volcano of the Hawaiian chain, lies about 35 km off the SE coast of the island of Hawaii. Loihi (which is the Hawaiian word for "long") has an elongated morphology dominated by two curving rift zones extending north and south of the summit. The summit region contains a caldera about 3 x 4 km wide and is dotted with numerous lava cones, the highest of which is about 975 m below the sea surface. The summit platform includes two well-defined pit craters, sediment-free glassy lava, and low-temperature hydrothermal venting. An arcuate chain of small cones on the western edge of the summit extends north and south of the pit craters and merges into the crests of Loihi's prominent rift zones. Deep and shallow seismicity indicate a magmatic plumbing system distinct from that of Kilauea volcano. During 1996, a new pit crater was formed at the summit of the volcano, and lava flows were erupted. Continued volcanism is expected to eventually build a new island at Loihi; time estimates for the summit to reach the sea surface range from roughly 10,000 to 100,000 years.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


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