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Latest news:

Friday, Jun 23, 2017
OVSICORI-UNA reported that on 15 June a diffuse plume of mainly water vapor rose 50 m above Rincón de la Vieja's crater rim. A small hydrothermal explosion from the crater with the highly acidic lake was detected around noon on 18 June. ... [more]
Wednesday, May 24, 2017
A moderately large phreatic eruption occurred from the crater lake at 10:20 local time on 23 May 2017, producing a plume of steam and ash that rose 500-1000 m as well as a lahar that descended the northern flank. [more]

Rincón de la Vieja volcano

Complex volcano 1916 m (6,286 ft)
Costa Rica, 10.83°N / -85.32°W
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
Rincón de la Vieja webcams / live data
Rincón de la Vieja volcano books | Tours
Last update: 23 Jun 2017
Typical eruption style:

Explosive.


Rincón de la Vieja volcano eruptions: 1529(?), 1765, 1844, 1849, 1851(?), 1853-54, 1860, 1861-63, 1902(?), 1912, 1917(?), 1922, 1966-67, 1969, 1969, 1970, 1983, 1984, 1985-86, 1987, 1991-92, 1995, 1998 (Feb.-Sep.), 2011-2012, 2014, 2015-ongoing
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Fri, 10 Nov
Fri, 10 Nov 04:43 UTCM 3.3 / 6 km8 km2 km al Norte de Rio Naranjo, Bagaces.
Fri, 10 Nov 04:42 UTCM 3.0 / 7 km6 km3 km al Noroeste de Rio Naranjo, Bagaces.
Mon, 23 Oct
Mon, 23 Oct 15:02 UTCM 3.4 / 150 km15 km6 km al Norte de Aguas Claras, Upala.
Rincón de la Vieja is the largest volcano in NW Costa Rica and one of its most active ones.

Background:

It is a remote volcanic complex in the Guanacaste Range, consisting of an elongated, arcuate NW-SE-trending ridge that was constructed within the 15-km-wide, about 9,000 years-old Guachipelín caldera, whose rim is exposed on the south side.
Rincón de la Vieja, sometimes known as the "Colossus of Guanacaste," has an estimated volume of 130 cu km and contains at least 9 major eruptive centers.
Activity has migrated to the SE, where the youngest-looking craters are located. The twin cone of 1916-m-high Santa María volcano, the highest peak of the Rincón complex, is located at the eastern end of a smaller, 5-km-wide caldera and has a 500-m-wide crater.
A plinian eruption producing the 0.25 cu km Río Blanca tephra about 3500 years ago was the last major magmatic eruption from the volcano. All subsequent eruptions, including numerous historical eruptions possibly dating back to the 16th century, have been from the prominent crater containing a 500-m-wide acid lake (known as the Active Crater) located ENE of Von Seebach crater.
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution


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